Malware is any malicious software purposefully designed to directly cause detriment to a system, application, computer network, customer, or computer system. A wide array of malware kinds exist, such as worms, Trojan horses, encryption viruses, malware, threats, adware, firewall viruses, ransomware and fake antivirus software. There are different forms of malware such as worms that spread through networks and spread through file sharing. Malware can be created by programmers or by users. It could also be created by the Internet itself, either with the creation of new malware or through the download of files onto a system.
One of the most frequent types of malware infections is the so-called “scamware”. The term stemware is commonly used because it usually comes bundled with other malicious software. These types of malware are most commonly installed through freeware programs, game downloads, email attachments, instant messaging chats and from visiting malicious websites. There are also web browser vulnerabilities that may allow attackers to install malware onto a PC or mobile device. One of the most common ways these malicious programs are installed is through freeware application downloads. These malicious software applications lure PC owners into sharing their personal information without their knowledge or consent.
Malware may also be developed by the Internet itself.
One of the most common types of malware is the so-called “rogue antivirus” program or “fake antivirus”. This software pretends to be an actual antivirus program when in reality it’s just a Trojan. Other malicious software like adware and worms are also very common types of malware. Common examples of these malicious programs include: Spyware (which rob a user’s bandwidth and/or storage space), Worms (which destroy a PC’s performance), and Pop-up Ads.
The other most common types of malware are adware and worms that spread through downloads and Internet activity. Examples of these are: Spyware (which corrupts files, records IP addresses and logs keystrokes) and Worms (which steals confidential information). Another type of Malware is the Trojan horse or “malware” that comes attached with email attachments. Some emails contain malware within the attachment that can infect a computer once downloaded. There are also instances when attackers create fake email attachments that appear to be legitimate (like a “security alert”) and then download and install malware onto a victim’s system. Examples of this include: Phishing emails that require the user to click on a link in order to gain access to a particular website, Malware downloaded as pop-up ads and Malware programmed into game software.
This is an emerging type of Malware that attacks end-users and goes under the guise of “scamware”. It typically comes bundled with anti-spyware programs such as Microsoft Security Essentials, Panda etc. and uses the “fake scanning engine” technique in order to trick users into opening the attachment. Once they do, the malware infects the PC and starts recording all keystrokes entered on the keyboard. After which it proceeds to steal financial and personal information from the PC, including bank account numbers, passwords, credit card details etc.
This is yet another common type of Malware that has been around for a long time and that is almost similar to the Malware that we all know – the one that starts to run when you open a file. This one is slightly different in that it doesn’t usually use any malware downloads to infect your system (it just connects to the web server on the internet and sends fake scans via email). It just copies itself to your system, installs a Trojan named Antivirus Action and proceeds to scare you until you buy the full version of the program.
This is one of the more malicious programs that we have to deal with because it can be removed with a tool that was designed for this exact purpose. A new variant of Antivirus Action called XoftSpy is specifically created to remove malware like Antivirus Action. The tool works by performing a “worming” method where it gets installed on your computer from a large number of possible Trojan and virus infections such as: Trojan Horses, adware and even the most modern variation of Malware. XoftSpy will then go and fix all the problems it finds on your system, preventing future threats and helping you keep your PC clean and updated. You will need to download XoftSpy onto your infected PC before running XoftSpy, but this is generally an easy process that won’t take more than a few minutes.
These are some of the most common types of Malware that can be found online.
Each one has several subtypes and they have a variety of purposes as well.
- There are also some very unique malicious software types that have been released in the past few years.
- Some of these include: Malwarebird, Antivirus Action, Antivirus AV, Trend Micro, Secure Guard Professional, HijackThis, Secure Computing, McAfee VirusScan, etc.
- Although most of these tools can be used to remove Malware (the most common type), there are a few that are not compatible with the current versions of Malwarebird, Antivirus Action and Antivirus AV, which are designed to scan through different files and remove them.